List of Communist Jews (comunisti evrei, komunistyczne żydzi)

See previous post about Churchill on the Jews

NOTE: Numerous Jews who joined the communist governments of the newly-formed Eastern Block in late 1940’s had their birth names changed at this time (as can be seen below) to help them “blend in” and to hide their identity. The book The Generation: The Rise and Fall of the Jewish Communists of Poland, acknowledges the name change, among many other things.

Comprehensive list of Romanian Communist Jews (using legitimate sources and official documents) http://www.rbnpress.info/wp/lista-evreilor-comunisti-care-au-condus-romania-in-anii-celei-mai-crunte-dictaturi-si-represiuni/

(PAGE TO BE UPDATED)

Karl_Marx communist jew jewish men communism

Karl Marx – the father of communism. In 1846, Marx founded the Communist League. In 1848 he wrote the Communist Manifesto with Friedrich Engels, after which he was expelled from Belgium. He moved to France where he anticipated a socialist revolution, but was deported from France as well. Prussia (his birth country) refused to receive him back. He moved to UK, who refused  to give him citizenship but tolerated his  presence. He couldnt make a living and was supported by Friedrich Engels.

In 1867  he published Das Kapital, an anti-capitalist work. He died in poverty and anonymity in London, his work being published by Engel.

After Communism finally caught shape in troubled Russia in 1919, the ideology of communism was spread throughout Europe by activists who were usually Jewish, e.g. Karl Radek in Germany, Bela Kun in Hungary and Ana Pauker in Romania. It was always implemented in circumstances of war/ revolution.

karl marx  communist jew jewish men

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Moses Hess – philosopher and socialist, one of the founders of Zionism. Supporter of Communism, conceived Marxist slogans.

Moses_Hess marxist jew

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Ferdinand Lassalle – jurist, philosopher, activist, member of the Communist League and associate of Karl Marx.

ferdinand-lassalle jewish men communist jew

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Eduard Bernstein – social democratic politician and the founder of evolutionary socialism and revisionism (Marxism). He is also one of the first socialists to deal sympathetically with the issue of homosexuality.

eduard_bernstein communist jew jewish men

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Leon Trotsky – helped ignite the Russian Revolution of 1917. One of the most prominent Soviet politicians, the founder and first leader of the Red Army. He was suppose to be Lenin’s successor, but Stalin proved to be more ambitious.

Leon Trotsky jewish men bolshevik communist jew

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Israel Epstein – born in Poland, he moved to China where he worked as journalist and author. Member of the Communist Party of China, he became minister of appropriations in the communist government.

Israel Epstein communist Jews china jewish men

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Genrikh Yagoda, or “the Jewish Hitler” – Soviet secret police official who served as director of the NKVD (the structure which took care of the “dirty job”). He organized the infamous Gulag system.

Genrikh Yagoda the jewish hitler communist jews bolshevik jewish men

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Maurice Levitas – Irish academic and communist. In 1931 and joined the Communist Party of Great Britain. He participated in the Spanish Civil war, as did many communist activists who saw war as tool to create a revolution and implement their ideology. His brother Max Levitas was communist councilor for 15 years in Stepney in London.

levitas maurice  jewish men communism jews

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Phil Piratin – member of the Communist Party of Great Britain and member of the British Parliament. His fellow communist members were expelled from Parliament for crypto-communist views. Piratin was defeated on second tour of elections. He was manager at the Morning Star, newspaper created by Communist Party in 1930.

phil piratin  communist jew jewish men

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Matyas Rákosi (born Rosenfeld) – de-facto ruler of Communist Hungary. He was part of Bela Kun’s government in 1919; fled to Russia after Soviet Hungary’s collapse. Became Comiterm leader. Returned to Hungary as ruler enforced by Joseph Stalin when Hungary fell under communism after WW2.

Matyas Rákosi  jewish men communist jews

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Abraham Léon (born Wejnstok)Belgian activist who adopted Marxist ideas and tried to incite Belgium workers to fight both against Nazis and Churchill in Leninist fashion. He incited at civil war (in same manner that Alexander Parvus conceived to create civil war in Russia after WW1, which lead to Bolshevism). He wrote “The Jewish Question: A Marxist Interpretation“. For his attempts to ignite civil war, he was deported to Auschwitz where he died.

Abraham_Léon communist jew jewish men

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Lou Kenton– British communist activist, member of the Communist Party of Great Britain since 1929.

Lou Kenton  jewish men communism jews

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Iosif Ştefan Koller – returned to Romania after Soviet takeover. Became head of the Directorate General of Prisons, Colonies and work units: deputy manager of General Labor Camps and colonies, commander of Aiud prison and Văcăreşti prison (both were political prisons).

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Aleksandr Orlov (born Leiba Feldbin) – General in the Soviet secret police and NKVD during the Spanish Civil war. Worked closely with Genrik Yagoda. He secretly transported the entire gold reserve of the Spanish Republic to the USSR. Just like the Romanian National Treasure, the Gold was never returned. Fearing for his family’s well-being during the Great Purge of Stalin, Orlov fled to US where he published The Secret History of Stalin’s Crimes after Stalin’s death.

alexander orlov communist jew jewish men

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Gheorghe Stoica (born Moscu Cohn) – one of the founders of the Romanian Communist party. He participated in the Spanish civil war (as did many communist activists).

Gheorghe_Stoica communist jew jewish men

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Sidney Rittenberg – American journalist and scholar who worked closely with leader Mao and statesmen of Communist China. As a prominent media leader in China, being the head of the Broadcast Administration, he promoted the Cultural Revolution in China (pro-communist movement).

Sydney Rittenberg-and communist leader Mao jewish men jews communism

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Artur London – Czech communist politician, part of the first communist government as foreign prime-minister in late 1940’s.

Artur_London communist jew jewish men

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Lev Kamenev – Bolshevik revolutionary and a prominent Soviet politician. Served as Russia’s premier under Vladimir Lenin’s rule.

lev kamenev communist jew bolshevik jewish men

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Sigi Beiner (Sigismund Bayner) – investigator and regional deputy at Securitate (Romanian communist secret police). During 1940 Soviet invasion of eastern Romania (Bessarabia), he was accused of participating in attacks on Romanian civilians and military who were retreating into unoccupied Romania. This gained him NKVD agent status, who resent him to Romania after the communist takeover.

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Martin Gray – NKVD officer who later pretended to be a Holocaust survivor. He wrote a controversial book about his Holocaust experience, whose authenticity is questioned. His activity as an NKVD officer is overlooked and excused, despite the fact that it was a tool for mass murder and serious human rights abuses.

martin gray NKVD officer communist jews jewish bolshevism holocaust

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Max Goldstein – communist activist and terrorist in Romania, supported by Soviet Cheka. In 1920, together with 2 other Jewish communists –Leon Lichtblau and Saul Ozias, he committed 2 bomb attacks against Romanian government officials who were opposing communism. The first attack failed, the second one killed the minister of justice and 2 senators.

Max Goldstein

Max Goldstein

Saul Ozias

Saul Ozias

Leon Lichtblau

Leon Lichtblau

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Adolf Joffe – Communist revolutionary, a Bolshevik politician and a Soviet diplomat.

Adolf Joffe  jewish men jews communism China

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Lazar Kaganovich(Kogan) – Soviet secret police (Cheka, OGPU, NKVD) high functionary, as follows: chief of the Gulag , deputy chief of the Gulag, deputy Narkom of Forest Industry.

lazar kaganovich kogan  communist jew jewish men bolshevik stalin soviet union

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Olga Kameneva (Bronstein) – sister of Leon Trotsky, wife of Lev Kamenev. She was an Officer in the Cheka Secret Police and Chairwoman of the Soviet Society for Cultural Relations with Foreign Countries.

Olga Kameneva communist jews jewish bolshevism soviet union russia

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Ernest Gero – a member of Comintern in France in 1930’s; First Secretary of the Communist Party in Hungary.

ernest gero   jewish men communism jew

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Salvador Allende Gossens – senator, deputy and cabinet minister and eventually president of Chile (South American ) in 1970’s. He applied Marxist policies (nationalization, collectivization) which proved to be unpopular among Chileans. He was removed from presidency through a coup d’etat, after which he  committed suicide.

Salvador_Allende_Castro

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Ilya Ehrenburg – one of the most prolific authors of the Soviet Union; Soviet cultural activist and journalist. He was accused of “promoting hate campaign” against Germans during World War II.

Quote from his 1942 leaflet called “Kill”: The Germans are not human beings. From now on, the word “German” is the worst possible curse-word to us. […] We shall kill. If you have not killed at least one German in a day, you have wasted that day. If you don’t kill the German, the German will kill you. He will abduct your relatives and bring them back to his accursed Germany where he will torture them.

ilya_ehrenburg communist jew jewish men

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Avram Bunaciu (born Abraham Gutman) – Romanian minister of Justice and Foreign minister in the new communist government formed after World War 2.

Avram_Bunaciu   jewish men communism jew

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Isaac Steinberg – lawyer, revolutionary, politician, People’s Commissar (Narkom) of Justice in Vladimir Lenin’s coalition. After the war, he resigned in protest of the peace treaty between Russia and European powers. He fled to London and became leader of the Jewish Territorialist movement; his requests to buy land in order to resettle Jews in Australia and Suriname were refused.

Isaac Steinberg   jewish men jews communism

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Karl Pauker – NKVD officer, head of Joseph Stalin’s personal security and chief of the GPU Operations Department.

Karl Pauker NKVD officer communist jews jewish bolshevism holocaust russia eastern europe

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Vladimir Herzog – emigrated from Europe to Brazil. A journalist and Communist activist, he was active in the civil resistance movement against the government of Brazil in 1970’s. He was member of the Brazilian communist party, which was deemed illegal.

Vladimir_Herzog communist jew jewish men brazil

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V. Volodarsky – a Marxist revolutionary in the Baltics and Poland, later a Soviet politician. He was assassinated in 1918.

V. Volodarsky jewish men communist jew

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Gabor Peter (born Benjamin Auschpitz) – head of the Hungarian secret police (AVH), which was notorious for its brutality even by Soviet standards.

Gabor Peter   jewish men communism jew

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Gheorghe Gaston-Marin (born Grossman) – Romanian ministry of Energy and minister of Economy in post-war communist Romania.

gaston marin   jewish men communism jew

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Idel Jakobson – NKVD investigator in Estonia. According to the official reports of the Estonian Internal Security Service, Jakobson sentenced 1.200 people to death and persecuted 2.000 people. Arrested for subversive activities directed against Estonia in 1931, he returned when communists took power after the end of WW2.

Idel Jakobson  communist jew jewish men estonia baltics

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Grigori Voitinsky – member of Communist Party of the Soviet Union, he took part in the pro-Communist revolution in Siberia and the Far East. As a Comiterm official, he was sent to China as an adviser and he helped the formation of the Communist party of China.

Grigori Voitinsky jewish communism china jews

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Rudolf Slánský – Czech Communist politician who lead teh creation of Communist rule in Czechoslovakia. Was General Secretary of the Communist Party after World War II.

Rudolf Slansky Czech communist jews jewish bolshevism holocaust eastern europe

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Albert E. Kahn – American journalist and secret member of the Communist Party of the United States , author, co-editor of the anti-Nazi bulletin The Hour. In 1946 Elizabeth Bentley stated in her deposition to the FBI that Kahn had furnished to Russia information on immigrant Ukrainians hostile to the Soviet Union. Kahn is referenced as code name “Fighter” in the Venona project . (more here)

Albert kahn communist jew jewish men

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Isaac Babel – propaganda chief, journalist, playwright and short story writer for the Soviet Union. He also wrote extensively on the Jews in Russia, and portrayed in movies by the likes of Sergei Eisenstein (Soviet-Jewish filmmaker).

isaac babel communist jews jewish bolshevism holocaust russia eastern europe

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Nikolai Yezhov – Soviet secret police official, head of the NKVD during the most severe period of Stalin’s Great Purge.

Nikolai Yezhov communist jews bolshevik jewish men soviet union

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Mihály Farkas (born Loewy) – Hungarian politician, converted to communism in 1930’s, fought in the Spanish Civil war, lived in Soviet Union. Arrived in Hungary in 1944 as a secretary the Hungarian Communist Party; later became Minister of National Defense.

Mihály Farkas communist jews jewish bolshevism holocaust Hungary eastern europe

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Alexander Parvus – Marxist revolutionary, wealthy banker who planned and financed the revolution. Together with Leon Trostky, he developed the concept of using a foreign war to provoke an internal revolt; this resulted in the planning of the Bolshevik revolution. He tried (but failed) to induce financial collapse in Russia.

Alexander Parvus communist jew jewish men

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Bedřich Reicin (born Reinzinger)Czechoslovak army officer and communist activist. In February 1948, he organized mass purges of officers who were felt to not be loyal enough to the new communist regime.

Bedřich Reicin (born Reinzinger)  jewish men communism jew

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Alexandru Nicolschi (born Boris Grunberg) – Romanian communist activist, Soviet officer, NKVD spy, and Securitate chief (Romanian Communist secret police). When sent as spy in Romania during the war, he was arrested; he was liberated by the Red Army and became the head of the most violent structures in communist Romania.

alexandru-nicolschi communist jew jewish men

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Jacob Havinson (Yakov Khavinson) – Director of Soviet Information Bureau and head of Pravda (the newspaper of the Soviet Communist Party).

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Michael Farkas (born Wolf) – Hungarian defense minister in the first communist government formed after World War 2.

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Lev Mekhlis – Soviet statesman, member of the Communist Party since 1918; chief of the Press Section of the Central Committee of the ACP (Bolshevik); minister of state control of the USSR.

Lev Mekhlis communist jew jewish men

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Boleslaw Bierut – Polish Communist leader, NKVD agent and President of Stalinist Poland after the end of World War II.

Boleslaw Bierut communist jew jewish men Poland

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Sidney Shapiro – American author, he was a member of the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Council (political advisory body in Communist China).

sidney-shapiro china jewish men jews communism

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Lavrentiy Beria – Soviet politician, Marshal of the Soviet Union and state security administrator, chief of NKVD during World War II, and Deputy Premier in 1946–53.

lavrenty beria communist jews soviet union bolshevik jewish men

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Salomon Morel – commander of NKVD set-up Polish concentration camp after the end of WW2; colonel in Poland’s political police; commander of Katowice prison. In 1994, Poland indicted him for crimes against humanity. Morel fled to Israel, who refused to extradite him despite repeated requests by Poland.

salomon morel communist jew jewish men

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Ghiță Moscu (born Gelber Moscovici) – Romanian communist activist, one of the early leaders of the Romanian Communist Party and its permanent delegate to Communist International (Comiterm). Member of Bolshevik party since 1924.

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Nikolai Bukharin – Bolshevik revolutionary, Soviet politician. Editor of Communist newspaper Pravda. He was considered one of the principal theoreticians of the Bolshevik Party – wrote “The ABCs of Communism“.

Nikolai_Bukharin communist jews jewish bolshevism holocaust eastern europe

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Joseph Revai – one of the founders of the Communist Party of Hungary in 1918. Became minister of propaganda in the first Hungarian communist government formed after World War 2.

Joseph Revai  jewish men communism jews

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Silviu Brucan (Saul Brukner) – Romanian communist politician, international ambassador and general secretary of pro-Soviet Scinteia magazine. He admitted that the 1989 Romanian revolution lead by him and other communist members was not anti-communist, but anti-Ceausescu and claimed that the banning of communism was a mistake.

Silviu_Brucan jewish men communist jews

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Yakov Sverdlov – leader in the Bolshevik party and chairman of the All-Russian Central Executive Committee – the highest legislative and administrative body of Soviet Russia.

Yakov Sverdlov jewish men bolshevik communist jew

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Angelica Balabanova – communist and social democratic activist; secretary of the Comintern (Communist International) .

Angelica Balabanova communist jewess jewish women

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Grigory Zinoviev – Bolshevik revolutionary and a Soviet Communist politician. He was  the longtime head of the Communist International.

Grigory Zinoviev jewish men bolshevik communist jew

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Solomon Mogilevsky – head of the Soviet foreign intelligence service; involved in the suppression of Georgia’s uprising against Soviet rule. Died in a plane crash.

Solomon_Mogylevsky jewish men communist jew

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Karl Radek – Marxist activist in Poland and Germany’s social movements (when he had direct connections with Lenin), and  international Communist leader in the Soviet Union.

Karl Radek jewish men bolshevik communist jew

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Rosa Luxemburg – Polish Marxist theorist, economist and revolutionary; she co-founded “Spartacus League” which eventually became the Communist Party of Germany; after she became a German citizen, she became a member of the party.

rosa-luxemburg communist jewess jewish women

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Jenő Hamburger – Hungarian politician, People’s Commissar of Agriculture during the short-lived 1919 Hungarian Soviet Republic.

Eugene Hamburger   jewish men communism jew

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Hilary Minc – communist politician in Stalinist Poland and pro-Soviet Marxist economist.

hillary minc communist jew jewish men poland

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Mikhail Koltsov – Bolshevik revolutionary, worked for NKVD. A key figure of the Soviet intellectual elite and one of the most famous journalists in the USSR. He was executed during Stalin’s Great Purge.

Mikhail Koltsov  communist jew jewish men soviet union

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Iosif Chişinevschi(born Jakob Broitman, took wife’s name) – Romanian politician, propagandist for Communist party, vicepresident in the Council of Ministers.

Iosif_Chisinevschi   jewish men communism jews

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Leon Lichtblau – Romanian communist militant in prewar Romania; assisted Max Goldstein in the 1920 terrorist attack on the Romanian Senate; he fled Romania and became Head of the Central Statistical Directorate of USSR.

Leon Lichtblau communist jew terrorist terrorist jewish men communism=====================

Yakov Yurovsky – Bolshevik revolutionary and Marxist; during the Bolshevik takeover of Russia, he executed the imperial Romanov family.

Urovsky Jakov jewish men communist jew

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David Zaslavsky – prominent Soviet journalist and writer, director at Pravda (newspaper of the Communist Party).

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József Pogány (known as John Pepper) – Hungarian Communist politician and propagandist, active in the radical movements of both Hungary and the United States.

József_Pogány jewish men communist jew

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Ana Pauker(born Hannah Rabinsohn) – Communist activist in pre-war Romania, she was arrested for being an agitator. Ran from the country and returned with the Soviet tanks in 1945. Became communist leader and foreign minister. In 1948, Time Magazine named her the most powerful woman alive and dedicated its magazine cover to her.

Romanians nicknamed her “Stalin with a skirt”.

Ana Pauker jewish bolshevik communist jewess jewish women

1948 Time magazine cover

Ana_Pauker communist jewess jewish women

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Ana Toma (born Grossman) – Romanian communist activist, close advisor to Ana Pauker. Deputy minister in the Ministry of foreign affairs and the Minister of Commerce.

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Eugen Levine – communist revolutionary and leader of the short-lived Bavarian Soviet Republic (in Germany).

eugen-levine jewish men bolshevik communist jew

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Bela Kun (Cohen) – communist revolutionary who led the short-lived Hungarian Soviet Republic in 1919. The Romanian Army removed him from the government in the same year.

bela kun jewish bolshevik communist jew jewish men soviet hungary

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Rozalia Zemlyachka (born Rozalia Zalkind) – party secretary of the Kremlin and vice-chairman of the Council of People’s Commissaries. She was part of the Ukrainian Cheka and acted in Crimea in 1920 against “anarchist forces” (through summary executions).

Rozalia Zemlyachka  Zalkind communist jewess jewish women

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Mihail Florescu (born Iacobi Iancu) – Romanian minister of Oil and Industries in post-war communist Romania.

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Tibor Szamuely – Hungarian Communist leader in the short-lived Soviet Hungary of 1919.

Tibor Szamuely jewish men communist jew

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Fred Rose – Communist politician in Canada, Member of the Canadian Parliament. He was convicted of spying for the Soviet Union after WW2.

1945-fred-rose communist jew

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Grigori Sokolnikov – Russian old Bolshevik revolutionary, economist, and Soviet politician.

Grigori Sokolnikov jewish men communist jew

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Abram Slutsky – head of the Soviet foreign intelligence service, part of the NKVD. He engaged in industrial espionage; later, he also engaged in tracking down and eliminating the opponents of Stalin’s regime.

Abram Slutsky NKVD communist jews jewish bolshevism holocaust russia eastern europe

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Israel Leplevsky – joined the Bolshevik party in 1917; became head of Soviet secret service in Ukraine.

Israel Leplevsky  jewish men communism jews

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Osip Piatnitsky (born Iosif Tarshis) – Bolshevik revolutionary, head of the International Department of the Communist International for over a decade.

iatnitsky-osip   jewish men communist jew

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Rezső Nyers – Hungarian politician, Minister of Finance in the 1960’s. His son became the head of the Hungarian National Bank.

Rezso Nyers jewish men communist jew

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Mikhail Borodin (born Mikhail Gruzenberg) – a prominent Comintern (Communist International) agent, and later a Chinese government adviser of Communist leader Mao. He joined the Bolshevik party in 1903 and became an associate of Vladimir Lenin. He worked in Mexico, the United States and the United Kingdom as a Comintern agent.

Mikhail Borodin bolshevik jewish men jews communism China

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Ghizela Vass (born Gisella Vass) – Romanian Communist, was an activist and high-ranking politician of the Romanian Communist Party. She was awarded for her communist activity. In 2007, the Commission for the Study of the Communist Dictatorship in Romania identified her as a communist agent involved in pre-war Romania’s foreign affairs.

Ghizela_Vass communist jewess jewish women communism

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Jakob Berman – prominent communist in prewar Poland; member of the Soviet-formed Polish United Workers’ Party. Leader of the State Security Services Urząd Bezpieczeństwa – the largest secret police in Polish history. He was considered Stalin’s right hand in Poland.

Jakub_Berman  communist jew jewish men poland

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Simion Bughici – Romanian ambassador to Moscow in post-war period, and later a Foreign minister.

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Filipp Goloshchekin – Soviet statesman (war commissar, member of the Central Committee, soviet regional secretary).  Took part in the struggle to consolidate Soviet power in the Urals and Siberia. He was involved in the execution of the Romanov family (Russian royal family) and all their relatives.

Filipp Goloshchekin   jewish men communism jew

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Solomon Lozovsky – prominent Bolshevik revolutionary, Presidium member of the All-Union Central Council of Soviet Trade Unions, a Central Committee member of the Communist Party, a member of the Supreme Soviet, the head of the Soviet Information Bureau.

solomon Lozovsky communist jew jewish men

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Maxim Litvinov – Bolshevik revolutionary and prominent Soviet diplomat. During the British blockade imposed (response to Lenin’s brutal abuses), Litvinov was responsible for the efforts that ended the economic blockade of the Soviet Union.

maxim litvinov communist jew jewish men

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Julia Brystiger – Polish Communist activist and member of the security apparatus in Stalinist Poland. She was notorious for her cruel methods of interrogation.

Julia Brystiger communist jewess jewish women

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Jenő Landler – people’s commissar of interior affairs in the government of short-lived Soviet Hungary in 1919; commander of the Hungarian Red Army. After the Romanian army removed the Soviet government, Landler ran to Austria. He died in 1928 and his ashes were buried in Kremlin Wall in Moscow.

Jeno Landler communist jew jewish men hungary

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Roman Zambrowski – communist activist in prewar Poland, chief organizer of the Polish Communists Central Bureau, head of the Political and Educational Management of the Polish Army in the Soviet Union ; deputy of State National Council, secretary of the Central Committee, vice-president of the Supreme Chamber of Control.

Roman_Zambrowski communist jew jewish men

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Andrei Loukanov the last communist prime minister of Bulgaria. His family moved from Moscow to Bulgaria after the 1944 communist takeover.

Andrei-Lukanov- jewish men communist jews

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Moisei Uritsky – Bolshevik revolutionary leader in Russia.

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Béla BiszkuHungarian communist politician and Minister of the Interior from 1957 to 1961.

Bela Biszku    jewish men communism jew

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Yemelyan Yaroslavsky – Bolshevik revolutionary, Soviet politician, communist party organizer, communist activist, journalist, and historian.

Yemelyan Yaroslavsky jewish men bolshevik communist jew

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Karl Herbst – one of the founders of the Zionist movement in Bulgaria. Served as senior Bulgarian government official.

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Moisey Gubelman – Soviet party leader; member of the Revolutionary Military Council of the People’s Revolutionary Army of the Far East; Secretary of Central Control Commission, chairman of Central Executive Committee of Workers’.

Moiseyi (Moses) Gubelman jewish men communist jews

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Nahum Eitingon – Soviet intelligence officer, he organized the suppression (terror) system.

Nahum Eitingon communist jew jewish men

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Bela Brainer – communist activist in both Hungary and Romania. He joined the Communist Party of Romania in 1921. He was jailed twice for being an agitator. He was the head of the illegal communist newspaper Scinteia in Romania.

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Jozef Rozanski – communist in prewar Poland, member of the Soviet NKVD, colonel of the Stalinist Ministry of Public Security of Poland; interrogator with the Polish communist security police.

Jozef_Rozanski   jewish men communism jew

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Leonte Răutu (Lev Oigenstein) – Romanian chief of Propaganda and Culture for the Communist Party. He was highly-awarded for his work.

Leonte_Rautu  jewish men communism jew

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Isaac Mintz – Soviet historian and academician. Re-wrote history and books according to Soviet principles.

isaac mintz  jewish men communism jews

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Mihail Roller – Romanian head of Institute of history of Communist party; one of the authors who re-wrote Romanian history to fit Communist agenda.

Mihail_Roller jewish men communist jews

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Anatol Fejgin – communist in prewar Poland, commander of the Stalinist political police at the Ministry of Public Security of Poland, in charge of its notorious Special Bureau.

Anatol_Fejgin   jewish men communism jew

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Iosif Grigulevich – Soviet spy who assassinated those who were not loyal to Stalin. He was preparing to assassinate Joseph Tito, leader of Yugoslavia who had diverted from Soviet politics, but Stalin’s death saved Tito. Iosif used false identities (pretended to be Costa Rican diplomat).

iosif grigulevich communist jew jewish men

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György Lukács – commissar of the Hungarian Red Army. In 1919, he was the Hungarian Minister of Culture of the short-lived Hungarian Soviet Republic. After its collapse, he fled to Austria. Traveled to Soviet Union and, after WW2, when communism returned to Hungary, he helped create its communist government. After 1957 revolution, he tried to minimize his guilt in communism by claiming he was forced by the Soviet authorities.

Gyorgy  Lukács  communist jew jewish men

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Dulgeru Mihai (born Dulbergher Mihai) – State security colonel, inspector of all communist prisons in Romania. Together with Alexandru Nicolschi (born Grunberg), they sent tens of thousands of political prisoners to hard-labor camps. In the 1980’s he emigrated to Israel with family.

Misu Dulgeru Mihai Dulbergher communist jew jewish men communism

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Felix Dzerzhinsky – Soviet statesman and a prominent communist revolutionary in Poland and Russia. He established and developed the Soviet secret police forces in various countries.

Felix Dzerzhinsky communist jew jewish men soviet union

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Vladimir Lenin

The leader of the Bolshevik revolution and crucial figure, but NOT a Jew. In fact, he did not associate himself with anything. Given his mixed ancestry (Kalmyk, Chuvash, German, Swedish and Jewish) , Lenin had no consideration for ethnic or cultural ties, and viewed Russians with contempt: “An intelligent Russian is almost always a Jew or someone with Jewish blood in his veins.”

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Ukraine – as part of the Soviet Union, it was under the control of Moscow. Ukrainian Cheka was a Soviet security agency organized during the 1917 revolution by Felix Dzerzhinsky (see above). The Cheka soon became notorious for mass summary executions. It was made up mostly of Jews, a fact acknowledged by historians. (extracted from the Institute for Historical Review).

The Atlantic, Sept. 1991, p. 14.;
In 1919, three-quarters of the Cheka staff in Kiev were Jews, who were careful to spare fellow Jews. By order, the Cheka took few Jewish hostages.

R. Pipes, The Russian Revolution (1990), p. 824.; Israeli historian Louis Rapoport also confirms the dominant role played by Jews in the Soviet secret police throughout the 1920s and 1930s.

L. Rapoport, Stalin’s War Against the Jews (New York: 1990), pp. 30-31, 43-45, 49-50.

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Bulgaria’s Jews after 1945 

(sources: The World Reacts to the Holocaust and American-Jewish Archives-1953)

Pre-war Jewish population in Bulgaria numbered 50.000 (less than 1%). After the war, from which most Bulgarian Jews had been spared – most left for Israel, leaving around 5.000 Jews in Bulgaria.

A Central Israelite Religious Council headed by chief rabbi was established in capital city Sofia. Jewish Cultural Club, founded in 1949 in Sofia, organized political and cultural meetings celebrating Stalin, the Red Army and the Bulgarian communist party; also commemorated the Holocaust.

The “Fatherland Front” (party responsible for establishment of pro-Soviet government in Bulgaria) called itself the Jewish Fatherland Front  up until early 1950’s.

In 1948, “Jewish People reading rooms” were established in Bulgaria and became popular. In Sofia, the Jews established an arts circle, a chorus, an orchestra, a drama company, a literary circle, a night school, a Jewish scientific institute, a Jewish craftsmen’s cooperative. 6 of the 8 Jewish newspapers in Bulgaria had links with international Zionist political parties, and “Evreiski Vesti” was a Communist weekly Jewish magazine.

In 1952, the Jewish institute became the Hebraic section of the Academy of sciences; it had 13.000 books from 16-17 century and 3.300 manuscripts. The remaining Jews enjoyed good education and some rose to high ranks, like Andrei Loukanov (see above), who was the last communist prim-minister of Bulgaria.

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